Speciation as a Clear Evidence of How Biological Evolution is at Work

We used to hear about Darwin’s theory of evolution as the explanation of the present bio-diversity and leftover fossils found by the archaeologist. Sure, it’s easy to agree that natural selection plays a major role at making the rest of us walk the earth while the unfit succumbed and later on known as part of our prehistoric ancestors. But then again, why were they so different than the survivors at all? One of the explanations I found on a course about biological evolution was the one about Allopatric Speciation.

As we know, it’s the name for” speciation by geographic isolation” which is what happens when a population of a species got divided by barriers which made them separated by locations, which in turns making both (or more) populations developed their genetic differently later on as seen in their descendants.

How in real life would this be happening? Now surely we can use our human populations on earth as logical reasoning. We can clearly see how people who live on East Asian continent part of the world phenotypically different from the people who live on African continent. Though studies said that we all came from Africa, by the time we discovered the fact, we already looked very different in terms of appearance. Of course scientists stated that individual humans’ genetic differences are so miniscule (around 0.1%) that even when we can see how different our appearances are, we’re still the same species.

Just by the fact that geographical separation can create such difference within a species, it’s no doubt genetic diversity between 2 species populations from the same origin can become distinct cousins in the phylogeny tree. One example of such, is the majestic African Elephant. “The African Elephant has always been regarded as a single species but, because of morphological and DNA differences, some scientists classify them into three subspecies “.

And just how an argument based on Allopatric Speciation would prove that Evolution is right? Well, as it’s just one method of how one species can become different species, just think how it gives such impact on earth’s huge scale within such long period of time? Species populations got separated from one another, and little by little they went different ways, and repeat the process from billions of years ago until today. With addition of fossil findings and lab researches, evolution is a mindset that doesn’t just make sense, but proven to be happening even now.

 

Sources:

http://evolution.berkeley.edu/evosite/evo101/VC1bAllopatric.shtml

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allopatric_speciation

http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/genetics

http://www.darwinwasright.org/speciation.html

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/2282801.stm

http://myxo.css.msu.edu/ecoli/

2 thoughts on “Speciation as a Clear Evidence of How Biological Evolution is at Work

  1. Evolusi itu merupakan kekonyolan besar, sama konyolnya spt besi2 yg tertumpuk lalu lama-lama sesudah jutaan tahun terbentuk sendiri menjadi pesawat Boeing 747, impossible

  2. Untuk yang berkata bahwa evolusi merupakan kekonyolan besar, mengapa di universitas-universitas besar tidak ada laboratorium Kreasionis dan yang ada hanyalah laboratorium evolutionary biology?

    Sementara para Kreasionis hanya mencocok-cocokkan dunia dengan kitab suci mereka, dan mempercayai apa yang ingin mereka percayai,. para ilmuwan melakukan penelitian, menghabiskan waktu bertahun-tahun mempelajari alam, mengumpulkan bukti, dikritik yang membangun) oleh sesama ilmuwan, kemudian meramu bukti-bukti yang ada untuk merumuskan suatu teori. Teori yang datang dari bukti-bukti dan penelitian, jelas berbeda jauh kualitasnya dengan “teori” yang datang dari Kitab Suci, yang kebenarannya pun diragukan.

    Tetapi Evolusionis vs Kreasionis sebenarnya pun bukanlah masalah sains vs agama, ada juga ilmuwan yang meyakini teori evolusi (tentunya bukan sekedar yakin, tetapi dengan akal dan bukti) dan tidak perlu meninggalkan agamanya untuk itu. Contoh : Francis Collins adalah seorang Kristen taat, Nidhal Guessoum adalah seorang Islam taat. Evolusionis vs Kreasionis lebih tepatnya adalah masalah orang yang mau menggunakan akal vs orang yang tidak mau berpikir.

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